Russia’s Drug Problem

Paul Goble, writing on Georgian Daily, reports:

Three “drug” problems – the increasing inability of many Russians in the current economic crisis to pay for scarce medications, the rising number of Russians using illegal drugs, and mounting suspicion that illegal immigrants are involved in this traffic – are all hitting Russian society hard, Moscow officials say.

First, many Russians can no longer afford to buy the medications they need, the result of a combination of falling incomes and dramatically higher prices over the last several months, according the current issue of “Argumenty i fakty Vostochnoy Sibiri.” Indeed, the weekly says, for those whose lives depend on a particular medication, “difficult times have arrived.”

One of the reasons that prices have gone up so fast, it continues, is that at the end of last year, the government increased the amount of profit private apothecary shops could charge, and that change “has led to an increase in the first instance of the price of a number of the most widely used medications.

Another reason, one that accounts for an 11 percent rise in prices for medicine over the last month alone is the decline in ruble exchange rates, a decline that affects this sector especially hard because so many medicines or medicine components are imported given that Russia still does not produce many of the most basic ones itself.

And especially hard hit are those suffering from cancer or mental illnesses, for whom more than 70 percent of medications in most cases are imported and where domestic alternatives are not readily available. Indeed, “Argumenty i fakty” concludes, Russia may rapidly be approaching the point where “pills are [only] for the favored few.” The second Russian “drug” problem is entirely different. It involves what officials say is a dramatic increase in the use of hard drugs like heroin by Russians and what is especially worrisome by Russian children and the growing number of illnesses and deaths such drug use entails.

Speaking on Ekho Moskvy this week, Viktor Ivanov, the head of the Federal Narcotics Control Service, said that heroin and other drugs have become so common in Russian cities that people can buy them on the street as easily as they can purchase sneakers in a store. As a result, he added, 2.5 million Russians now are addicted.

That is leading to tens of thousands of pre-mature deaths and to the spread of HIV/AIDS and other diseases throughout the population. Not only does that result in an increasing number of personal tragedies, but it imposes serious costs on the society as a whole, including undercutting Moscow’s ability to stem the demographic decline of the Russian people.

The third Russian drug problem is related to the second: There is mounting evidence and even more rapidly increasing suspicions that illegal immigrants from Central Asia, China and south Asia are now involved in the trafficking of heroin from Afghanistan to Russian cities.

Until a decade or so ago, this trade followed the old Silk Road and largely bypassed Russia on its way to markets in Western Europe and the United States. But now, traffickers have developed “multiple pipelines” including several that pass through Russia. As the drugs pass through, some of them are sold off along the way in order to develop new markets.

As a result, some Russian officials now say openly that this constitutes “a national security threat” to the Russian Federation, a statement which may be true but one that is helping to fuel the flames of xenophobic anger against immigrants and helping to power an increase in the number of attacks by skinheads and others against them.

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34 responses to “Russia’s Drug Problem

  1. Our problems are no distingish from all the world problems. USA contingent in Afganistan have supported drug producers to achieve some political and corruption aims.

  2. Production of heroin in Afganistan was increased almost twentifold in compare to the taliban period. Unormous mass of heroin are produced by proUSA local leaders. USA support them to destroy Near Abroad of Russia. USA secret-service and military officers have also a beautiful gain from it. Such situation exists in Kosovo also. However thanks to own secret services (FSB and Antynarcot comitee) Russia have not got a gret problems with drag now. Our drag problems is a track of Yeltsin “democracy” period but now a number of drugoholiks is decreased.

  3. Obviously “I am Russian” has been snorting too much white stuff for his own good.

    Or maybe he prefers injecting.

  4. Drug Trafficking and Russian Securityby Serghei V. Golunov1Drug-trafficking is one of the most serious and socially dangerous challenges to the national security of Russiaand its neighbors. According to official figures, the number of drug addicts in Russia is about 400,000, but byexpert estimations, the figure could be as high as 3-4 million. Two thirds are young people not older than 30.During the last ten years the number of drug addicts in Russia has increased ninefold while the annual income of the narcomafia is estimated at between 8 to 18 billions of US dollars.The strategic response to this challenge is only in the initial stage. It is determined by the combination of fac-tors such as the perception of the problem by decision-makers, the interests of the Russian political elites and external actors such as the EU. The current policy emphasis on military and police measures is manifested in increasing expenditures for border control and the tightening of migration policy. At the same time, efforts to reduce demand through narcological programs (including regional programs carrying out in border regions) often receive insufficient financial support. There is a common tendency to call for extraordinary measures andadditional funding at the expense of education, health protection etc. In addition, violations of human rights and maltreatment of ethnic groups are justified by the necessity to struggle with narcomafia. Critics of suchpolicies are routinely portrayed as “accomplices of the mob”. Taking into account these considerations, there is a strong need for well-reasoned critical evaluation of anti drug trafficking policy including measures for responding to transboundary trafficking.This policy research project will focus on addressing the following questions are: a) How effective are military and police measures to counter narcotraffic through Russian borders? b) In which cases is the policy successfuland why? c) To what extent are demand reduction measures effective? d) In which circumstances will the re-distribution of funds from “force measures” to demand reduction be useful? e) Taking into account that citizens of CIS states and “ethnic criminal groupings” often appear to play key roles in transboundary drug-trafficking,how can security measures be combined with observation of human rights and the maintenance of close rela-tions between Russia and other post-Soviet countries?This research will carry out a structural-functional analysis of transboundary narcotraffic in Russia, analysedrug related statistics concerning the main trafficking routes and in border regions, draw on expert estima-tions, and event analysis of cases of traffickers’ arrests.The structure of drug-trafficking through Russian borders is determined by many factors not least demand,the geography of drug producing sites, pre-existing smuggling routes, and the reactions of the narcodealers to state and international agencies efforts. Drugs are brought to Russia through several main directions. With its weak landscape-based border and its well-developed network of transboundary communications, the Rus-sia-Kazakhstan border is the main drug route. Lower volumes are smuggled through Russia’s borders with the Transcaucasian states, China, Ukraine, Byelorussia, and the Baltic countries. The main routes of drug-traf-ficking originate in Afghanistan (heroin and opium) and Tshu (Chu) valley area at Kazakhstan-Kyrgyzstan bor-derland (cannabis), lesser routes are from Ukraine (poppy straw), and the EU countries (synthetic drugs and cocaine). After crossing Russian border the most intensive flows of heroin, opium and cannabis are directed toCentral (Moscow) and Northern-Western (St. Petersburg) Russia and partially further westwards to EU states, to the Volga and the Ural regions, Caucasian resorts (Krasnodar and Stavropol regions), gas-and-oil producing 1Sergey Golunov is an International Policy Fellowship holder for 2005-06. More details of his work can be found at http://www.policy.hu/golunov/index.html
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    Page 2
    -2-areas of Western Siberia. According to official estimations levels of drug consumption and drug-related crimesin the region bordering Kazakhstan and the Transcaucasian states is noticeably higher than in Russia on aver-age. In such administrative regions as Krasnodar krai; Astrakhan, Novosibirsk, and Tiumen oblasts the rate of drug-related criminal activity is higher than in Moscow and St. Petersburg. The structural organization of narco-business evolves from the prevalence of individuals and small groups into stronger large branch groupings. Some are well-organized systems encompassing all stages from produc-ing, processing (e.g. from opium to heroin), smuggling, wholesale trade, to retailing. Nevertheless, there are not sufficient grounds to affirm that the transboundary drug-trafficking through Russia is evolving in a strictlycentralizing fashion nor are there increasing signs of the creation of dug monopolies. At some stages in the narcotraffic trade, the role of “ethnic criminal groupings” is great, especially with smuggling and wholesaletrade. But using official data on criminal prosecutions of drug-traffickers, representatives of ethnic minoritiesor “ethnic criminal groupings” are not the main players in the whole process of narcotraffic. In many cases thecomposition of such criminal groupings is international with increasing numbers of drugs being smuggled by Russian citizens or “ethnic Europeans” whose appearance arouse less suspicions. In order to provide safety for their smuggling operations, drug-traffickers attempt to establish corrupt tieswith border officials. These may facilitate the transboundary transportation of narcotics, insure them fromcriminal responsibility or even return confiscated drugs. Among the relevant structures are the border guardand customs services, the regional branches of the Agency for Control of Drugs and Psychotropic Substances (Narkokontrol’), and the police. The amount of the bribes proposed (especially at the stage of border and cus-toms control) can be hundreds of times the salary of these officials. However, the risk of serious punishment,the possibilities for less risky illegal income (assistance for smuggling of consumer goods) and informal rules (for example, assistance to drug-dealers is censured even among bribable customs officials) has, to some ex-tent, restrained the increase of “narco-corruption” within state structures controlling Russian borders. On the whole, the smugglers have a wide range of ways to avoid border and customs control. Most drugs are brought through existing checkpoints and, taking into account these possibilities, there are no grounds to assume that more than 5-10% of such contraband is seized. Local achievements in some border regions (in 2003-2004 the prices for heroin increased significantly) are concerned first with the struggle against wholesaleand retail structures. These efforts will almost certainly simply cause the reorganization of these networks. Unfortunately, in border regions and at national level demand reduction programs are poorly financed despitethe fact that international experience shows that such programs are effective with far less significant invest-ments than military and police measures.To conclude, the current stress on border closures as the panacea for the struggle against transboundary drug-trafficking is inexpedient. Most smuggling goes through the existing checkpoints while the imperfection of theinspection procedures and the low salaries of officials (working for border guard and customs services, policeof border regions and districts) make evident breaches within the system of control at Russian borders. Taking into account the special vulnerability of the enormous Russian land boundaries, the huge expenses required for the establishment of fully-fledged border control with sufficient salaries for responsible officials, should leadRussian decision-makers to pay far more attention to demand reduction. Finally, both policy decision-makers and the community should resist attempts to use the struggle with drug-trafficking as justification of extraor-dinary measures causing gross violations of human rights. Such measures will hardly lead to any essential improvements, but they can pose a serious threat to democracy and the human rights of Russian citizens.

  5. Andrew

    You must write any hell but BLACK WILL BE BLACK AND WHITE WILL BE WHITE! USA occupation of Afganistan makes a main Narcoproducer country in the world. 80 % heroin are created by USA (or sorry democratic forces) in Afganistan. USA is a main drug murderer in the World. And Russia must only defend itself.

  6. lol

    Drugs finance Taliban war machine, says UN drug tsar

    But opium becoming less important to Afghan economy

    LONDON, 27 November 2008. The Afghan Opium Survey 2008 released today by the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) shows that opium has become less important to the Afghan economy due to a decrease in cultivation, production and prices. However, opium finances the Taliban war economy and is a major source of revenue for criminal groups and terrorists.

    Opium cultivation in 2008 declined 19% to 157,000 hectares. Production was down by 6% to 7,700 tons. The Survey shows that prices are also down by around 20%. As a result, the value of opium to farmers dropped by more than a quarter between 2007 and 2008, from $1 billion to $730 million. The export value of opium, morphine and heroin (at border prices in neighbouring countries) for Afghan traffickers is also down, from $4 billion in 2007 to $3.4 billion this year.
    The area of arable land in Afghanistan used to grow opium dropped from 2.5% to 2.1% between 2007 and 2008, and one million fewer people were involved in opium cultivation this year. The Afghan opium problem is therefore shrinking in size and becoming more concentrated in the south-west of the country where 98% of the opium is grown.

    Despite the drop in opium cultivation, production and prices, the Taliban and other anti-government forces are making massive amounts of money from the drug business. In Afghanistan, authorities impose a charge (called ushr) on economic activity, traditionally set at 10% of income. Opium farming may have generated $50-$70 million of such income in 2008. Furthermore, levies imposed on opium processing and trafficking may have raised an additional $200-$400 million. “With so much drug-related revenue, it is not surprising that the insurgents’ war machine has proven so resilient, despite the heavy pounding by Afghan and allied forces”, said the Executive Director of UNODC, Antonio Maria Costa.

    He also pointed to the danger of opium stocks held by the Taliban. “For a number of years, Afghan opium production has exceeded world demand. The bottom should have fallen out of the opium market, but it hasn’t. So where is the missing opium?” said Mr. Costa. “Lack of price response in the opium market can only be the result of stock build-ups, and all evidence points to the Taliban”.

    The UN’s top drug control official suggested that ongoing efforts by the Taliban to manipulate the opium market may result in less opium in 2009. “Since they are hoarding opium, they have the most to gain from lower cultivation. This would drive up prices, and result in a re-evaluation of their stocks”, said Mr. Costa. News picked up by UNODC surveyors in a number of eastern and southern provinces confirms that the Taliban are taking a passive stance during opium planting this autumn, as opposed to past efforts to promote it.

    Furthermore, alternative sources of income are becoming more attractive to farmers. The revenue from wheat has tripled since 2007. The gross income ratio of opium to wheat (per hectare) in 2007 was 10:1. This year it narrowed to 3:1. The net income ratio is down to 2:1. However, this is partly due to drought and may therefore be reversed. Mr. Costa therefore called for “greater and faster international development assistance – including food aid to urban centres – to prevent a humanitarian disaster and to consolidate gains that have resulted in 18 out of Afghanistan’s 34 provinces becoming opium free”.

    Mr. Costa insisted on the importance of “keeping down both opium production and prices”. “If the Taliban can disrupt the market, so can NATO: drug production and trafficking would be slowed by destroying high value targets like drug markets, labs and convoys – which the Afghan army, backed by NATO, are starting to do. International efforts have also been stepped up to reduce the inflow of precursor chemicals needed to produce heroin”, he said. “These measures are meant to hit organized crime and insurgency in order to cut the Afghan drug economy’s umbilical cord to the world, breaking the link between opium farmers in Afghanistan and heroin addicts in Europe”, said Mr. Costa.

    “The downward trend in Afghanistan’s opium economy would gain speed with more honest government, more security, and more development assistance”, said Mr. Costa.

    http://www.unodc.org/unodc/en/press/releases/2008-11-27.html

  7. Btw, the full report is here:
    http://www.unodc.org/documents/crop-monitoring/Afghanistan_Opium_Survey_2008.pdf

    But I know, the UN’s part of the international American conspiracy to kill Russia with drugs.

  8. Robert

    The facts say back. When Taliban was a government of Afganistan the drug production was considerable less than now. A GREAT INCREASING OF DRUG

  9. Note that the articles point out that although the Taleban made pronouncements of “banning” Opium production, they actually took no action to ban Opium, and in fact production increased.

  10. Because they didn’t have to finance themselves.

    Btw, just today:
    Taliban drugs factory wrecked
    http://www.theage.com.au/world/taliban-drugs-factory-wrecked-20090218-8bfg.html
    BRITISH forces have seized heroin worth £50 million ($A111.2 million) and killed at least 20 Taliban fighters in a daring raid that dealt a significant blow to the insurgents in Afghanistan

    Earlier this month:

    £3bn Taliban drug haul pyre
    http://www.thesun.co.uk/sol/homepage/news/campaigns/our_boys/article2210987.ece
    ABOUT £3billion of Taliban drug profits go up in smoke as the world’s largest heroin haul is burned.

    Looks like your “sorry democratic forces” (sic) are taking heavy pounding – despite the Putin’s best efforts to sabotage the war (against terrorism and on drugs at once).

  11. Btw, the US is fighting also the other war against terrorism and on drugs at once – in Colombia (cocaine), for dozens of years now.

    There was also a short and decisive war in Panama (this time against a drug-trafficking military dicatorship). http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_invasion_of_Panama

  12. And also about what you call the “sorry democratic forces”:
    http://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/asia/drugs-for-guns-how-the-afghan-heroin-trade-is-fuelling-the-taliban-insurgency-817230.html

    How it goes on:

    The drugs come mostly from Helmand, where most of Britain’s 7,800 troops are based. The opium grown there is turned into heroin at factories inside Afghanistan, sold into Tajikistan and smuggled to Europe. The guns are broken down into parts, smuggled back into Afghanistan and delivered to the Taliban. One kilogram of heroin can buy about 30 AK-47 assault rifles at the bazaar.

    Nato claims the Taliban get between 40 and 60 per cent of their income from drugs. The smugglers’ claims suggest the real cost could be far higher.

    The smugglers described a bleak village with no homes, hidden in the desert near the border. Inside open-air courtyards up to 300 shopkeepers sit in small booths. They act as agents of the Russian mafia who supply the guns and spirit the drugs away.

  13. “It is a well known fact that the Taleban are using the drugs trade to finance their war.”

    And they are trading it for Russian weapons.

  14. Obviously that Taliban was created USA to vex USSR in Afganistan. Now Taliban kills US soldier. Hence US government have been very dumm. Instead of negotiation with USSR about Afganistan US suppourted murderers and drug producers in Afganistan.
    USA occupies Afganistan now (almost 60000 soldiers) and therefore USA must be responcible of situation in this country. So USA deal with increasing of drugmaking. Twentyfold increasing of Drug productions may be explained only by two varians.
    1- USA deal with it in political aims (to get support from influential narcoproducers and to destroy another countries especially Iran and Russia).
    2- USA deal with it corruption aims because it is very well-paying business.

  15. I am Russian, America has gripes with both of your victim-status(tm) countries as well. Of course its you and someone else, how noble.

    Russia has armed every conflict region that we have been involved in; amongst others, for profit of course.

    To this day, I am still flabergasted at the common use of Kalishinikovs for genocide. For some reason, you have to rape, pillage and steal, to attain a single M-16, but when you do you have global media coverage.

    Iran, I am surprised that Russia even has a problem with these sanctions. If you weren’t supplying them, you would be at even more risk. Do you really think that if Iran attains their objective, you will be safe?

    You will be their next target. I await your gratitude on behalf of the very people you admonish.

  16. Actually “I am Russian”, the drug production mainly occurs in areas controlled by the Taleban.

    http://www.metro.co.uk/news/world/article.html?in_article_id=96164&in_page_id=64

    http://www.atimes.com/atimes/South_Asia/KA27Df03.html

    http://www.jamestown.org/programs/gta/single/?tx_ttnews%5Btt_news%5D=5043&tx_ttnews%5BbackPid%5D=167&no_cache=1

    As for your assertion that the USA created the Taliban to “vex the USSR”, as usual you are wrong.

    The USA supported the Mujahideen from 1979 to about 1990. The Mujahideen took control of Afghanistan and than fell to bickering amongst themselves, while corruption flourished during the inter-tribal warfare.

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mujahideen

    The Taleban were a creation of the Pakistani ISI (Inter Services Intelligence), who wanted to secure Afghanistan as “Strategic depth” against India.

    The Taleban did not become militarily active until 1994 when they attacked Maiwand.
    This was 5 years AFTER the USSR left Afghanistan and about 3 years after the collapse of the USSR.

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Taliban

    Try reading some real history instead of Soviet/Neo-Soviet propaganda.

  17. Sean

    We do not comment Iran! We comment drug! Iran is not a great drug-supplier unlike Afganistan which was occuped by USA forces (60000 soldier) since 2001. During that period the production of drug increase more than twentyfolds. So Iran or even Taliban is a less evil in compare with USA.

  18. 1. USA didn’t create the Taliban at all.
    2. USSR did, though – by sending millions of refugees into Pakistan, where the youths attended the radical religious schools (the word “Taliban” means “Students”).
    3. The movement was created when not only there were no Soviets in Afghanistan anymore, but when there was no Soviet soldiers anywhere in the world.
    4. Taliban and their associates (including al-Qaeda terrorists and criminal gangs) produce drugs and sells them – in exchange for the Russian weapons – to the Russian mafia, which then traffics them further (into Russia and beyond).
    5. The Russian mafia of course includes a whole lot of former and current siloviki.

  19. Robert

    “USSR did, though – by sending millions of refugees into Pakistan, where the youths attended the radical religious schools (the word “Taliban” means “Students”.
    But just USA supplied a huge parties of weapons, dollars and drugs to kill Russian soldiers. Instead of to help USSR to achieve a peace in Afganistan USA used Afganistan as tool of Cold War. When I mentioned that USA created Taliban and Al-Kaida I bear in mind no Taliban or Al-Kaida per se but terrorists who were supported by USA and who killed USA soldier now. Obviously also that USA as occupant of Afganistan bears duty to prevent a drug productions. But USA have not done it. I do not know about Russian mafia in Afganistan but I know that 60000 USA troops stay in Afg now and they do not anything making to prevent a drug productions. In 2000 year Afganistan (then Talibanwas a government ) produced drag considerable less than now.

  20. “But just USA supplied a huge parties of weapons, dollars and drugs to kill Russian soldiers.”

    Soviet soldiers.

    “Instead of to help USSR to achieve a peace in Afganistan USA used Afganistan as tool of Cold War.”

    Instead of to help USA to achieve a peace in Vietnam USSR used North Vietnam as tool of Cold War.

    “When I mentioned that USA created Taliban and Al-Kaida I bear in mind no Taliban or Al-Kaida per se but terrorists who were supported by USA and who killed USA soldier now.”

    Thank god they apparently killed only one soldiers. But seriously now – the former “terrorists who were supported by USA” are now backbone of the Afghan government, army and police forces (most of the old mujahideen parties, and also the Dostum’s Uzbeks who had defected to the mujahideen only after the Soviet withdrawal).

    “I do not know about Russian mafia in Afganistan but I know that 60000 USA troops stay in Afg now and they do not anything making to prevent a drug productions.”

    Most of this is produced in the British zone of control, and I just showed you how they (British and Afghan forces there ) are doing A LOT.

    Also, actually the number of all NATO troops in Afghanistan now (at the highest point yet) is 51,000 (including 19,000 US and 8,000 British). Russia sent twice as many into the tiny Chechnya in 1999!

    “I do not know about Russian mafia in Afganistan but I know that 60000 USA troops stay in Afg now”

    Once again, only 19,000. In the country of over 32 million people.

    “In 2000 year Afganistan (then Talibanwas a government ) produced drag considerable less than now.”

    So blame their al-Qaeda friends for casing the fall of Taliban as “a government” by their little stunt in New York City.

  21. Also,

    “But just USA supplied a huge parties of weapons, dollars and drugs to kill Russian soldiers.”

    Are you saying now they supplied drugs TO Afghanistan? Oh my :)

  22. Robert

    “Instead of to help USA to achieve a peace in Vietnam USSR used North Vietnam as tool of Cold War”. –

    Yes USSR used Vietnam as tool of Cold War. But firstly I never said that USSR is was very good idea. USSR was created by bolsheviky (proxy of German- Lenin and USA bankers – Trotskij) who had destroyed Russia and they hated all of Russians (the most of first communists were not Russians at all). Russian people in the first free vote in 1991 said to communicts go away .
    Secondly after USA escape away South Vietnam that country have developped very well, economic products have grown by fast temps. No drug, no terrorists are in Vietnam after moment when Americans go home. So USSR (which also was not absolutely good thing) helped Vietnams people for their freedom and peace. It is uncorrectly to compare actions of USSR in Vietnam (wich were kind in whole) and USA in Afganistan (which was mainly harm and damages ).
    You said that the ost of pro-Americans officers and emploees in Afganistan are former modjachedy. Yes it is true because ALL NORMALLY EMPLOEES AND OFFICERS WERE KILLED by modjacheds or escaped to Russia! There were real genocid or mass-killed of really professionals emploees which were tuited by USSR universities. USA supported this mass-killing. Unlike USSR which was supported by ten of thousends professionals USA have any supporting in Afganistan and so USA have to deal with former modjacheds who are big drug producers.

  23. Oh, poor Afghan communists: “(proxy of German- Lenin and USA bankers – Trotskij) who had destroyed Afghanistan and they hated all of Afghans”. Oh wait, maybe they were the Good Communists!

    And no, there was no “real genocid” (unless by “genocid” you mean something like the so-called “Georgian genocide of North Ossetians”). The government soldiers simply changed sides in mass defections. Like before – for example Ismail Khan (“the lion of Herat”) was once an Afghan army officer, before he killed his Soviet instructors who ordered him to fire artillery against the riots in his beloved city. Desertions were always rife, as it was a conscript army deployed to fight the people.

    The fall of South Vietnam was followed by mass reprisals (“Bamboo Gulag”) and mass exodus o South Vietnamese (“Boat People”), and the falls of Laos and Cambodia (Cambodian Genocide – a real actual genocide).

    It was not only Vietnam – it was also Korea, and the effect is hell-on-earth North Korea. It was also for example the civil war in Colombia, where the communist indurgents are now still active – and who are the main producer of cocaine, for that matter. And dozens of other regimes and many many notorious rebel groups around the world.

    Thanks Moscow and “internationalism”!

  24. Robert

    When I said about communism as western-criminal-virus I mean about first communists (Trotskij, Lenin, Bucharin, Jurovskij, Sverdlov, kaganovich, Tuhachevskij, perhaps Stalin) but more later communists were not enemies of Russia and of all the world, they do not want to make a world revolution. Soviet army defend our country and modern Near Abroad, soviet army helped to Afganian to achieve horror of middle-century and fought against narcoproducers.
    Well many of Afgans specialists who was educated by USSR university was not a communists at all. But they was a good specialists indeed. USSR was prepared a teacher, doctors, citizen-emploees, military-services, policmens, ingeneers and other professionals. USA does not make anything like that. But USA supplied many weapons to Afganistan to kill Russians and Afgans. USA supported terror bases in Pakistan and South-Afganistan. And now USA does not understand why Russians have not any love and respect to him.

  25. The most Drug regiuon in the world is Afganistan wich is occuped by USA.

    http://www.regnum.ru/english/1127239.html

  26. “I am Russian”, you really are a joke.
    You said:
    “soviet army helped to Afganian to achieve horror of middle-century and fought against narcoproducers.”
    How true, though I am not sure it is what you meant. As a result of the Russian war in Afghanistan 1979-1989-

    “Over 1 million Afghans were killed. 5 million Afghans fled to Pakistan and Iran, 1/3 of the prewar population of the country. Another 2 million Afghans were displaced within the country. In the 1980s, one out of two refugees in the world was an Afghan.

    Along with fatalities were 1.2 million Afghans disabled (mujahideen, government soldiers and noncombatants) and 3 million maimed or wounded (primarily noncombatants).

    As for this “Well many of Afgans specialists who was educated by USSR university was not a communists at all. But they was a good specialists indeed. USSR was prepared a teacher, doctors, citizen-emploees, military-services, policmens, ingeneers and other professionals. USA does not make anything like that”

    Sorry but yes they do. The USA provides educational aid to people from all over the world, both by scholarships to study in US universities, and by the universities and schools run by the US in just about every country in the world, such as the American University of Beirut. There are American schools in Gaza, Afghanistan, Georgia.

    Not to mention the standard of education is far higher in American universities than in the jokes that pass for universities in Russia.

    And once again (because you are too stupid to listen), the growing of Opium poppy occurs almost exclusively in Taleban controlled areas.
    These are areas controlled by the Taleban (I have to spell it out for you) and NOT by the Afghan government, ISAF, NATO or the USA.

    http://www.unodc.org/unodc/en/press/releases/2008-11-27.html

    LONDON, 27 November 2008. The Afghan Opium Survey 2008 released today by the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) shows that opium has become less important to the Afghan economy due to a decrease in cultivation, production and prices. However, opium finances the Taliban war economy and is a major source of revenue for criminal groups and terrorists.

    Opium cultivation in 2008 declined 19% to 157,000 hectares. Production was down by 6% to 7,700 tons. The Survey shows that prices are also down by around 20%. As a result, the value of opium to farmers dropped by more than a quarter between 2007 and 2008, from $1 billion to $730 million. The export value of opium, morphine and heroin (at border prices in neighbouring countries) for Afghan traffickers is also down, from $4 billion in 2007 to $3.4 billion this year.
    The area of arable land in Afghanistan used to grow opium dropped from 2.5% to 2.1% between 2007 and 2008, and one million fewer people were involved in opium cultivation this year. The Afghan opium problem is therefore shrinking in size and becoming more concentrated in the south-west of the country where 98% of the opium is grown.

    Despite the drop in opium cultivation, production and prices, the Taliban and other anti-government forces are making massive amounts of money from the drug business. In Afghanistan, authorities impose a charge (called ushr) on economic activity, traditionally set at 10% of income. Opium farming may have generated $50-$70 million of such income in 2008. Furthermore, levies imposed on opium processing and trafficking may have raised an additional $200-$400 million. “With so much drug-related revenue, it is not surprising that the insurgents’ war machine has proven so resilient, despite the heavy pounding by Afghan and allied forces”, said the Executive Director of UNODC, Antonio Maria Costa.

    He also pointed to the danger of opium stocks held by the Taliban. “For a number of years, Afghan opium production has exceeded world demand. The bottom should have fallen out of the opium market, but it hasn’t. So where is the missing opium?” said Mr. Costa. “Lack of price response in the opium market can only be the result of stock build-ups, and all evidence points to the Taliban”.

    The UN’s top drug control official suggested that ongoing efforts by the Taliban to manipulate the opium market may result in less opium in 2009. “Since they are hoarding opium, they have the most to gain from lower cultivation. This would drive up prices, and result in a re-evaluation of their stocks”, said Mr. Costa. News picked up by UNODC surveyors in a number of eastern and southern provinces confirms that the Taliban are taking a passive stance during opium planting this autumn, as opposed to past efforts to promote it.

    Furthermore, alternative sources of income are becoming more attractive to farmers. The revenue from wheat has tripled since 2007. The gross income ratio of opium to wheat (per hectare) in 2007 was 10:1. This year it narrowed to 3:1. The net income ratio is down to 2:1. However, this is partly due to drought and may therefore be reversed. Mr. Costa therefore called for “greater and faster international development assistance – including food aid to urban centres – to prevent a humanitarian disaster and to consolidate gains that have resulted in 18 out of Afghanistan’s 34 provinces becoming opium free”.

    Mr. Costa insisted on the importance of “keeping down both opium production and prices”. “If the Taliban can disrupt the market, so can NATO: drug production and trafficking would be slowed by destroying high value targets like drug markets, labs and convoys – which the Afghan army, backed by NATO, are starting to do. International efforts have also been stepped up to reduce the inflow of precursor chemicals needed to produce heroin”, he said. “These measures are meant to hit organized crime and insurgency in order to cut the Afghan drug economy’s umbilical cord to the world, breaking the link between opium farmers in Afghanistan and heroin addicts in Europe”, said Mr. Costa.

    “The downward trend in Afghanistan’s opium economy would gain speed with more honest government, more security, and more development assistance”, said Mr. Costa.

  27. By the way “I am Russian”, wasn’t Stalin just voted 3rd Greatest Russian of all time with Lenin in the top 10? Does not sound like they are considered anti Russian to me.

  28. I am Russian, I only glanced through the successive posts because I had a point to make on yours, so I don’t know if it was covered yet.

    Am I to assume that we should allow a dictatorship to invade any country that will supply the narcotic like dependance of blood, sweat and toil of another country? Afganistan is not the prime example however, Russia’s own addiction was not going to stop.

    You have supplied all of our enemies since WWII. Since then, we lost a few.

    Who is better off today. South Korea or North Korea? Ethiopia or Somalia? Panama or Cuba? Columbia or Venezuela? West Germany or East nevemind.

    Their resources are comparative, but their diversion of prosperity is mind boggling.

    When America wins, the world is a better place.

  29. We do not comment Iran! We comment drug! Iran is not a great drug-supplier unlike Afganistan which was occuped by USA forces (60000 soldier) since 2001. During that period the production of drug increase more than twentyfolds. So Iran or even Taliban is a less evil in compare with USA.

    I am Russian,

    What you are saying is that a Iran’s stated goal of murdering tens of millions of people(keep in mind that millions of palestinians would be murdered in the process)is more noble than the US.

    Maybe Russia, or China. I am at a loss for any country that has killed more than ten million people.

    Finally, you are in the top five.

  30. The genocidal murderers known as Russians are in the top two actually.

  31. Andrew, my point was that their only significant achievment was mass-murder on a scale that should be inconceivable.

    The joke was that their Olympic standings are corrupted by steroids and bribes, and that’s just their women.

  32. “I am Russian” is so brainwashed by the Soviet upbringing that nothing will change his thoughts on the subject. In his mind the USA always was, is and will be the ultimate evil.

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