Russia’s Military Destroys Itself from the Inside Out

Alexander Golts, writing in the Moscow Times, shows that nobody is a worse or more dangerous enemy of the Russian Army than the Russian Army:

The army has been hit with a strange illness. Hundreds of new conscripts have contracted pneumonia almost simultaneously in both ends of the country — in Kaliningrad and Siberia. Official statistics show that only 100 soldiers fell ill in each place, but human rights activists claim that the number is much higher — so high that whole army barracks had to be turned into on-site hospitals. One of the conscripts, Anton Yumatov, who was a law school graduate, died.

The army reacted to the crisis in a typical fashion — by denying that the epidemic even existed. Later, the Military Prosecutor’s Office was forced to admit that there were violations of “the safety requirements for military service and, in particular, violations of disease-control regulations in the soldiers’ barracks.”

What this vague statement doesn’t explain is how the illnesses broke out simultaneously in two regions separated by 4,000 kilometers. Some experts point out that recruits who had just arrived at military bases had been given vaccinations, which may have been the reason for their sickness. Others insist that officers simply overworked the soldiers to make sure that conditions were not too comfortable for the new recruits.

Another possible reason: The officers, who have been stuck in a dead-end military career for the past 10 or 20 years, took out their anger on the new conscripts, whose mandatory service was reduced from two years to one in 2008. Particularly harsh treatment was reserved for “the smart ones” — that is, university graduates — who were forced to stand outside for prolonged periods wearing only a shirt in temperatures of minus 20 degrees Celsius.

Just at the time when massive cold fronts hit Siberia and Kaliningrad, draftees were housed in primitive military barracks that lacked hot water and heat. This led to a massive outbreak of pneumonia and one death. It is quite typical that military bureaucrats dismissed the incident, saying that the illnesses were a normal occurrence and nothing to get excited about. According to the Union of Soldiers’ Mothers Committees, the same organization that disclosed the pneumonia cases in Siberia and Kaliningrad, there have been pneumonia outbreaks in dozens of other garrisons as well.

Just as doctors speak about a “systematic disease” to describe an illness that infects the circulatory, respiratory and nervous systems simultaneously, there is a similar condition in Russia’s mass-mobilization army. Once this infection has spread through the military officer corps, no one cares about a few hundred soldiers when the total number is close to 1 million. If during a war the first 100,000 soldiers can be easily expended as cannon fodder, it makes perfect sense that a few hundred ill soldiers are of no concern whatsoever.

The irony, however, is that the Defense Ministry is trying to put an end to the strategy of a mass-mobilization army. The ministry has announced plans for downsizing the number of officers by two-thirds and the number of ground-troop units elevenfold. These are not only the same hundreds of thousands of officers who should have headed battalions and regiment reserves, but also the units that have to provide them with the necessary weapons. The single justification for preserving the conscript army in recent years was the need to have a reserve for a mass-mobilization army numbering into the millions, and since this need has seemingly disappeared, eliminating the conscript army as we know it would be a logical conclusion to this whole plan.

Nonetheless, Defense Minister Anatoly Serdyukov and his allies are not risking doing away with the conscript army since mandatory military service is one of the most important elements of Prime Minister Vladimir Putin’s model for governing the country with a strong hand. The problem is that the conscripts are dead weight in the new, modern army that the Defense Ministry is attempting to assemble. Officers who dream of getting accepted into the professional units couldn’t care less about these conscripts. The main feature of a mass-mobilization army is the deep contempt toward the conscripts — the faceless cogs in the huge military machine. And this is the real reason why the army suffers from such a severe systemic illness.

10 responses to “Russia’s Military Destroys Itself from the Inside Out

  1. Well that would explain why a young Russian soldier defected to Georgia yesterday.
    Of course the Russians areh claiming he was kidnapped, but I saw him on TV last night and he looked pretty happy to be in Georgia!
    He claimed that he was regularly beaten by his superiors, and that he and he fellow soldiers were left to scrounge food for themselves, and had no heating or proper living conditions in their “barracks” in South Ossetia.

    http://www.rferl.org/content/Russia_Demands_Return_Of_Soldier_From_Georgia/1375406.html

    http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/europe/7853736.stm

  2. “The main feature of a mass-mobilization army is the deep contempt toward the conscripts — the faceless cogs in the huge military machine. And this is the real reason why the army suffers from such a severe systemic illness.”

    Well, Israel has a draft too. However, IDF is considered as the best and the most disciplined army in the Middle East. I think the main problem for Russian military is not the institution of draft itself.

    I think this is contempt for soldiers’ life has to do more with the culture of the Russian political system of disrespect to human life. Military as the closed institution displays this brutal culture in the ugliest light.

  3. Mothers talking of horrendous conditions their sons suffer in South Ossetia & Abkhazian while serving in the Russian army.

    http://www.rferl.org/content/Russian_Soldiers_in_South_Ossetia_Living_In_Horrendous_Conditions/1362912.html

    Mothers of soldiers state around 3000 NON COMBAT deaths a year

    http://www.rferl.org/content/Article/1078734.html

  4. Russian officers forcing conscripts into being rent boys and other abuses.

    http://www.rferl.org/content/Article/1075412.html

  5. Sergey,

    I have to agree with you.

    Many western states have had the draft/conscription and one stage or another. I cannot think of any example of conscription in a western democratic state, be it Israel, USA, UK, West Germany etc, having the same dreadful systemic abuse as that of Russia.

    The horrors of the Russian Army are cultural, and stem from the traditional Russian government & societys contempt for human life & rights.

  6. I deserted Russian army, soldier insists
    Russia maintains Alexander Glukhov kidnapped by Georgian forces
    http://www.thestarphoenix.com/news/deserted+Russian+army+soldier+insists/1223591/story.html

  7. Yes, i agree with Sergey. Cruelty is the currency of Russian military life, and will doubtless continue to be until Russia declines enough to be ready for genuine change. Two of my Russian friends got service letters, and both spent time “under observation” in psych wards rather than serve – decisions that just may have saved their lives…

  8. If that got through to them, that will save more lives than anything else we can do.

    Liberating a country that doesn’t even know what liberation is. Independance has been surpressed for decades, if you want Iraq to turn into France or Russia, we should pull out now.

    If you want to nurture a stable society, in a country that has never had law, or due process.
    Iraq is the frontline between civilization, and lawlessness. Pushing that into Afganistan will look like Imperialism, but soon enough you will know imperialism.

    There is no greater objective. This is a war of ideology. Surrender means subjugation for women, decapitation for men and indoctrination for children. If you think I’m kidding, or doubt the end result…

    When Israel is the only country that will openly support you, I believe that this election will be known as the great American brain fart.

    If Obama believes that Iran, Cuba and North Korea are friends.

    I know the feeling of indecisiveness. When you don’t make a decision, someone else will make the worst possible decision for you.

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