Daily Archives: October 19, 2007

October 19, 2007 — Contents


(1) The Russian Internet is Being Knifed in the Cradle

(2) EDITORIAL: The Russian Definition of “Success” Needs Work

(3) The Russian Trade Bully

(4) Latynina on the Assassination “Threat”

(5) The Russian Honor Roll

NOTE: La Russophobe is building a presence on Facebook. It’s an alternative way of providing feedback to the blog instead of e-mail or posting irrelevant comments, and also a chance to establish an online community of people with a common interest to promote discussion and exchange. You need to be a member of Facebook, which is quick, easy and anonymous, to view and post messages and information to the Facebook page. You can use the Discussion Board to post articles you’ve written for us to consider for publication on the blog, and they’ll get instant publication on the web for review by others. Posting to Facebook is a privilege, not a right. Abuse it and lose it. It’s under construction now, but open for business.

NOTE: Check out La Russophobe‘s latest installment on Publius Pundit, where she exposes the latest humiliation of Putin’s Russia and the outrageous response of the Russophile set. Nobel prize count: America 6/12, Russia 0/12. Game, set, match.

The Russian Internet is Perishing . . . Putin is Killing it

CNews reports:

The internet subscriber base formed [in Russia] within the last half a year has decreased by 2 mln. this summer as compared to spring. The given data is provided by the Public Opinion foundation (FOM). The data also proves the internet connection to slow down this year. According to sociologists, if the provider monopolism in the regions remains and subscriber fees do not go down, then only one third of the population will continue using the internet in several years. Market participants and analysts are more optimistic.

According to the latest survey ‘Internet in Russia’, carried out by FOM, the subscriber base using the internet for half a year came to 26.8 mln. this summer, which is by 1.9 mln. lower than in spring. Monthly internet user base has decreased by 2.4 mln. to 22.4 mln. Thus, 24% of the population above 18 used the internet in summer. The sociologists are concerned with the given indices. According to their data, in the previous years even despite the seasonal factor the subscriber base in summer used to be higher than in spring, which was connected with the dynamic growth in subscription. For example, last year in summer the number of subscribers using the internet for half a year was by 1.7 mln. higher than in spring, while the increase in the number of those using the internet for a month grew by 0.8 mln.

According to the sociologists, one can speak about the decrease in the growth rate of the internet subscribers. ‘The main factor impeding with the internet development in the regions is the provider monopolism and high subscription fees, – Ephim Galitsky, FOM Senior Specialist says. – If the given tendency does not improve, then in several years only about 32-34% of the population will use the internet in Russia in several years, and there will be no further growth. While the principle when people connect to the internet because their friends have already done it does not work any longer’.

According to Konstantin Ankilov, iKS-Consulting Senior Analyst, one can speak about a certain decrease in the growth rate of the internet subscriber base, however, the market is changing in quality: broadband access penetration is becoming more and more evident. ‘There is no monopolism any longer, as the alternative providers have started operating in the regions. Communication companies monitoring dial-up in most regions are loosing their positions. Thus the revenue from the broadband internet in Russia is higher, – Mr. Ankilov highlights. – Such established companies as Stream, Corbina Telecom, Golden Telecom are penetrating into the regions’.

‘FOM statements regarding high internet subscription fees in the regions are right, – Alexander Malis, Corbina Telecom Director General tells CNews. – I can assure Corbina is interested in improving the given situation. We are actively penetrating into the regions. While the subscriber fee in the regions should be cut not 2-3 fold, but 10-30 fold’.

In some Western European countries more than 60% of the population is using the internet. For example, in Great Britain, according to Nielsen, the given index comes to 62%, in Germany to 63%. According to Mr. Ankilov, in Moscow such a level might be gained only in 2009, while it might take much longer to achieve the given indices across Russia in general. Mr. Malis is more optimistic. He is sure, the internet subscriber base in Russia might exceed 60% in 2-3 years.

Paul Goble has more:

Growth in the number of Russians going online has slowed overall this year and may even have been reversed in some places, developments that casts doubt on the hopes of some that the relatively free Internet could serve to counterbalance the Kremlin’s increasingly tight control over other media outlets. Yefim Galitskiy, a specialist at the Public Opinion Foundation in Moscow, said yesterday that his organization’s regular surveys since 2002 about Russian Internet use had documented rapid rises until this summer, when the rate of growth slowed or even stopped altogether. And he predicted on the basis of his company’s latest findings that the total number of Russians using the Internet would top out at about one-third of the population, up from approximately a quarter now, far fewer than other experts have suggested, albeit on the basis of more limited data sets.

Ruslan Tagiyev, who studies the Internet for TNS Gallup Media, said that he believes that ever more Russians will turn to the Internet until perhaps 75 percent of them go on line – although he acknowledged that this projection was based only on findings from the city of Moscow and not the provinces, places he has yet studied. That Internet connectivity is less in Russia’s regions than it is in the capital is common ground, of course, but a new study of how the Internet is used in the various regions and republics of the Southern Federal District (FD) shows just how much further behind the center all of them are – and why they may not catch up. That FD as a whole ranks second from the bottom of all federal districts in terms of Internet use. (Only the Far Eastern FD is lower.) Although it contains 15 percent of the country’s population, the Southern FD has only three percent of the Internet domains and 4.9 percent of the IP addresses.
But even within it, there are significant variations among the constituent federal subjects in the Southern FD, journalist Nikita Mendkovich reports in an article posted earlier this week on the Regions of Russia website, differences that he argues justify classifying them in three groups. Those living in the first of these groups, which includes Rostov oblast, Volgograd oblast and Krasnodar kray, currently have more than 80 percent of the registered domain names in the Southern FD and also lead the region with 614,000 IP addresses, despite the fact that they form a far smaller fraction of the Southern FD’s total population. The second group, whose constituent parts each have from 10,000 to 100,000 addresses, is made up of the populations of Stavropol kray, North Osetia, Astrakhan oblast, Daghestan, Kabardino-Balkaria, and Karachai-Cherkessia. That figure, about six percent of the Southern FD total, is also dramatically less than proportionate. And the third group, which includes Adygeia, Kalmykia, Ingushetia and Chechnya, Mendkovich says, is the least well served by the Internet. None of these non-Russian republics have more than 10,000 IP addresses, and most of them have fewer than that.

Moreover — and this is the more significant point here — those living in the predominantly ethnic Russian regions are continuing to experience dramatic growth in the number of users because their areas have the communications infrastructure and political interest to promote it. In Rostov oblast, for example, there are now 56 Internet teleconferencing centers, one at the center and one in each of the 55 municipalities, something that not only allows the authorities to speak with one another but also helps condition them to using the Internet more generally. But the situation in most of the non-Russian areas is very different. Far fewer people have gone online, and both geography and violence have meant that neither the governments nor private investors are willing to put in the kind of resources needed to jump start interest in the World Wide Web. As a result, Mendkovich concludes, there is not yet the critical mass in most of them needed for the Internet to take off, and as a result, their populations remain mired in a pre-Internet communications world, one that over the last decade has become less and less useful as a source of balanced and accurate information. That the other channels of the Russian media are now likely to be less useful to those who consume them was underlined this week by the extraordinarily low ranking Reporters without Borders (RWB) gave to Russia in its annual report on media freedom around the world (http://www.ann.ru, October 17). According to RWB, Russia now ranks 144th out of the 169 countries the media watchdog group evaluated, just below Yemen (143) and just above Tunisia (145), Rwanda (147) and Saudi Arabia (148), and below most of the other post-Soviet states, including, for example, Estonia (3), Ukraine (92), Tajikistan (115) and Azerbaijan (139). Reacting to these figures, Anatoliy Baranov, a Moscow commentator who specializes on Russian media policies, suggested that the Russian Federation not only fully deserved this low ranking but also is likely to find itself even lower down next year. He argues that Russian television has never been fully independent, that newspapers and journals are ever less so, and that the Internet, the new media in which so many have placed so much hope, is now at risk of being silenced or absorbed by the authorities as well. His remarks on the last point are especially worthy of note. “Internet media do represent the real zone of relative freedom in Russia, but even there,” he points out, the authorities are working to take them “under control.” But most of the “free” sites attract only a few hundred visitors a day, too small a number to “set the weather” for the Internet or affect that of the Russian media as a whole. Indeed, he continues, “one can count on one’s fingers” the sites that are both entirely independent of the regime and attract large number of visitors. Some operators hope to survive by registering with IP providers abroad, but that may not be enough. And “six months from now,” these islands of “relative” freedom may disappear as well.

EDITORIAL: When Even Success is Failure, You’re in Russialand


When Even Success is Failure, You’re in Russialand

It’s pretty sad what passes for glorious triumph in Russian sport these days.

The Moscow Times reports: “Russia came back from behind to spectacularly beat England 2-1 at Luzhniki stadium on Wednesday” in European football league play, calling the win “Russia’s most impressive since beating world champion France in 1999.”

Yet, the only thing Russia accomplished by winning this match was to stave off absolute elimination from the tournament following a season of lackluster play. It still has no guarantee of moving into the playoffs, much less can it entertain any hope of taking the title. Is that really cause for national celebration? Is Russia that hard up? Has Russian football really been that woeful for the past eight years?

Indeed so. Fans will remember that Russia didn’t even qualify for the most recent FIFA World Cup, which even lowly American managed to accomplish. Yet, instead of recognizing how dismal their prospects are, Russians ignore reform and prefer to live in a world of illusion. Sports, in this regard, is a perfect microcosm of Russian society generally. Take, for instance, our recent post on Publius Pundit regarding the Russian reaction to America’s total dominance of this year’s Nobel prize selections. Russians simply can’t acknowledge the possibility that anything might be seriously wrong with the way they do things or that they might learn something from another country, especially not America. Instead, what we get is just another cruise down the longest river in psychology: Denial.

The MT reported: “Prime Minister Viktor Zubkov, who attended the game, was quick to capitalize on the success, with state-owned Channel One television showing a recording of a meeting he had with players ahead of the game.” He stated: “We won the Great Patriotic War and were first to fly to space and, therefore, you must win today too.”

Yikes. That’s some pretty scary, unhinged-from-reality hyperbole from Russia’s second-in-command. The next thing you know, Putin will be making speeches at little-league games. Too bad Zubkov didn’t add: “But then the Americans beat us to the lunar surface, which we never actually reached at all, crushed us in the Star Wars arms race and, a few decades later, our whole nation destroyed itself and no longer exists.” But that probably would have taken the wind out of his little navy’s sails, wouldn’t it? Presumably, France “lost” the “Great Patriotic War” — but which country has a healthier, more prosperous society today?

Could it be that what Russia was really celebrating was an orgy of xenophobia and paranoia, just the pure animalistic pleasure of defeating England at something, those same dastardly English who dare to demand justice for Alexander Litvinenko and keep dissident oligarch Boris Berezovsky out of Russian clutches — the same England that Russia keeps buzzing with nuclear bombers? If the situation had been reversed with the match played in England, would Russians have acknowledged a great victory by the Brits? That hardly seems likely. Is mighty “resurgent” Russia really that pathologically desperate for some kind, any kind, of visible success against England?

Indeed so. Russia finds itself totally alone on the diplomatic stage, its frenzied leaders having provoked and alienated every civilized country on the face of the planet. It gathers to its bosom a ragtag group of rogue regimes including Venezuela and Iran, without seeming to notice how ridiculous it make itself seem in doing so, and how desperate.

The MT reports that Russians were typically generous as hosts: “More than 20 Russian fans broke into a bar on Novy Arbat three hours before the game and attacked a group of foreigners with hockey sticks, chairs and tables before fleeing, Ekho Moskvy radio reported. Police, however, denied that any incident had taken place, Interfax reported.” Equally generous in victory were the Rooskies: “Four Englishmen were beaten near the VDNKh metro station as they made their way back to the Kosmos hotel, where most of the 4,500 fans who flew to Moscow for the game were staying. All four were taken to the Botkin hospital at 4:40 a.m., Interfax reported.”

You can just hear the Russians now: Other countries lose more spectacularly than we do, so our losing doesn’t matter. Other countries have football hooligans, so ours don’t matter. Other countries are led by maniacal dictators, so we can’t be criticized. So it went in the USSR (until the collapse) and so it goes in Russia.

The Russian Trade Bully

The Wall Street Journal reports that Russia is not only weaponizing its energy resources, but also its trade policy:

Trade is one of Vladimir Putin’s favorite tools for sniping at troublesome countries in Russia’s “near abroad.” Now one of those targets, Poland, is standing up to the bully, threatening to keep Russia out of the World Trade Organization if it doesn’t drop its heavy-handed tactics.

A Polish agriculture official announced the ultimatum Monday — while in Moscow, no less. This comes nearly two years after Russia banned the import of all Polish meat products on health and safety grounds and just as the Kremlin is warning that it might expand the prohibition to include milk and other goods.

No serious person believes that health and safety standards are higher in Russia than in the European Union, which has declared Polish meat products to be safe for sale within the bloc and for export. This is pure politics on the part of the Kremlin, which also banned Georgian and Moldovan wine in March 2006 to squeeze pro-Western governments in those ex-Soviet republics.

Warsaw, too, has possible political reasons for its decision to turn up the pressure. Poland holds parliamentary elections this weekend and opinion polls show the ruling Law and Justice party is suddenly vulnerable. In any case, there’s a long road to travel before Russia’s WTO membership comes up for a vote. Russia has yet to fulfill several obligations under its bilateral WTO agreement with the EU and its accession won’t move forward until it meets them.

Whatever Poland’s motivation, it offers a good reminder that the Putin regime can’t yet be trusted to play by the rules. EU officials are correct when they say it’s in everyone’s interests for Russia to become part of the global, rules-based trading system. But the Poles are also right that Moscow must first prove that it belongs in the club.

Latynina on the "Assassination Threat"

Writing in the Moscow Times, Echo Moskvy host and hero journalist Yulia Latynina comments on the recent revelation of a so-called “assassination threat” against Russian dictator Vladimir Putin:

Interfax quoted “a reliable source in the security service” as saying there was a plan to assassinate President Vladimir Putin during his visit to Iran. With assassination attempts, however, it is the details that are really important. But no details are known in these cases.

And this is not the first time we have heard about the heroic accomplishments of the security services. Federal Security Service chief Nikolai Patrushev shocked everyone when he claimed that his agency thwarted terrorist attacks at the Sochi, St. Petersburg and Samara summits.

This is a bit strange, isn’t it? If terrorist acts had indeed been averted, then those who were planning them should be prosecuted and jailed. But there are no such cases in the courts. Of course, we could assume that there were no court proceedings precisely because the terrorists were captured in top-secret operations and that the offenders were “wiped out in the outhouse” in the dark of night.

Patrushev also claimed that the FSB had prevented 300 terrorist attacks last year — twice the number the agency stopped the previous year. How is this possible? The number of insurgents has been falling as their funding sources dry up. Under such circumstances, it is unlikely that the number of thwarted terrorist plots could increase. At the same time, however, the number of courageous majors and captains from various security services seems to have increased as they uncover explosives and claim, “We averted another terrorist act.”

In addition, the FSB recently thwarted an attempt by Islamic extremists to assassinate St. Petersburg Governor Valentina Matviyenko. An entire platoon of special forces agents seized a couple of young Muslims after they bought explosives. The apartment where the young guys had been meeting to discuss Muslim principles and condemn gay parades turned out to be stuffed with hidden cameras, strangely enough. But for some reason the heroic FSB agents weren’t able to take the suspects into custody. Nor was the owner of the apartment arrested, even though his conversations with the suspects were caught on video. And, for some reason, the owner looked more frequently at the camera concealed in the wall than at his interlocutors.

Putin is surrounded by people who are inept at running business as well as government. But they do know how to do one thing very well — fight enemies of the state. And when there are no enemies, they invent them. After all, the greater the number of enemies you are able to unmask, the more stars you get to pin on your uniform and — even more important — the more the president will depend upon you because you, and only you, can save him from assassination attempts at summits in St. Petersburg, Sochi, Samara and now Tehran.

By the way, the last time our security services were mentioned in connection with Tehran was when they claimed to know the exact date when the United States would begin military operations against Iran. This was pure disinformation. Nevertheless, the statement had the desired effect: Oil prices rose sharply, and those who were involved in this scheme earned a nice amount of money. Most people are used to treating such security service leaks seriously, and they would find it difficult to believe that a federal security organization would intentionally risk its own reputation so that a few generals could make money on energy futures.

In any event, it is safe to predict that the number of averted assassination attempts on Putin will increase as we approach the March presidential election. And, following the murders of Novaya Gazeta journalist Anna Politkovskaya and former FSB officer Alexander Litvinenko, it will only take one thwarted attempt on our beloved president’s life — which will be attributed to anti-Kremlin politician Garry Kasparov and, of course, the CIA — for the situation in Russia to become irreversible.

The Russian Honor Roll

Vladimir Vladimirovich Putin joined the Russian national government in March 1997 as Deputy Chief of Staff to President Boris Yeltsin. Since then, 211 Russian journalists have perished in unnatural circumstances (some in acknowledged murders, some in incidents labeled “combat” or “accident”). Here is a list of their names, dates of passing and official causation:

1997 4-Mar-97 Antonina Lukina accident, road
23-Mar-97 Vladimir Aliev murder, beaten
1997 gdf 30-Mar-97 Nikolai Mozolin murder, beaten
1997 cpj 1-Apr-97 Valentin Karkavtsev accident, rail
10-May-97 Alexander Korkin murder, beaten
21-Jun-97 Inessa Donchenko accident, road
30-Jun-97 Manuk Zhazhoyan accident, road
3-Aug-97 Andrei Pralnikov* radiation
6-Aug-97 Valery Krivosheyev murder, beaten
19-Oct-97 Lydia Lazarenko murder
20-Nov-97 Andrei Fadin (m) accident, road
1998 30-Jan-98 Vladimir Zbaratsky murder, beaten
2-Apr-98 Ivan Fedyunin murder, stabbed
6-Apr-98 Lira Lobach murder, strangled
20-May-98 Igor Myasnikov murder, stabbed
7-Jun-98 Larisa Yudina murder, beaten
17-Aug-98 Sergei Semenduyev (m) missing, kidnapped
24-Aug-98 Anatoly Levin-Utkin murder, beaten
1998 gdf 27-Aug-98 Mirbaba Seidov murder, stabbed
1998 cpj 28-Aug-98 Vladimir Ustinov murder, beaten
29-Aug-98 Victor Shamro murder
2-Sep-98 Farid Sidaui murder
4-Oct-98 Galina Mashtakova* accident?
30-Dec-98 Sergei Chechugo accident, road
1999 9-Feb-99 Valentina Neverova accident, fire
19-Feb-99 Gennady Bodrov murder
25-Feb-99 Valentina Mirolyubova murder
25-Feb-99 Nikolai Mirolyubov murder
4-Mar-99 Andrei Polyakov murder, stabbed
30-May-99 Alexei Kulanov murder, stabbed
30-Jun-99 Vadim Rudenko murder, stabbed
1999 gdf 10-Jul-99 Dmitry Kormakov (g) not confirmed
1999 cpj 22-Aug-99 Yevgeny Vedernikov not confirmed
22-Aug-99 Sergei Shcherbovich not confirmed
30-Aug-99 Lyubov Loboda murder, stabbed
27-Sep-99 Christopher Reese murder, stabbed
20-Oct-99 Supyan Ependiyev combat
29-Oct-99 Shamil Gigayev (cpj) combat
29-Oct-99 Ramzan Mezhidov combat
17-Dec-99 Alexander Loskutov accident, road
2000 Feb-00 Vladimir Yatsina* murder, shot
10-Feb-00 Lyudmila Zamana murder, stabbed
9-Mar-00 Artyom Borovik not confirmed, air crash
14-Mar-00 Harmut Shulz not confirmed
22-Mar-00 Luisa Arzhieva (m) murder, stabbed
CJES Apr-00 Sergei Panarin (m) missing
notes 17-Apr-00 Oleg Polukeyev murder, beaten
1-May-00 Boris Gashev (m) murder, beaten
13-May-00 Alexander Yefremov combat
16-May-00 Igor Domnikov murder, beaten
Jun-00 Valery Tokarev (m) not confirmed
19-Jul-00 Nikolai Kolesov murder, stabbed
26-Jul-00 Sergei Novikov murder, shot
2000 gdf 21-Sep-00 Iskander Khatloni murder, stabbed
2000 cpj 3-Oct-00 Sergei Ivanov (g) murder, shot
2000 M 20-Oct-00 Oleg Goryansky murder, beaten
20-Oct-00 Georgy Garibyan (m) murder
21-Oct-00 Raif Ablyashev murder
3-Nov-00 Sergei Loginov not confirmed, car
8-Nov-00 Igor Savin (g) not confirmed
20-Nov-00 Pavel Asaulchenko murder, stabbed
23-Nov-00 Adam Tepsurkayev combat
28-Nov-00 Nikolai Karmanov murder, stabbed
23-Dec-00 Valery Kondakov murder, beaten
2001 Feb-01 Eduard Burmagin murder
24-Feb-01 Leonid Grigoryev murder
8-Mar-01 Andrei Pivovarov murder
31-Mar-01 Oleg Dolgantsev murder, stabbed
13-Apr-01 Sergei Korabelnikov missing
17-May-01 Vladimir Kirsanov missing
2001 gdf 2-Jun-01 Victor Popkov combat
2-Jun-01 Lydia Gemma air crash
2-Jun-01 Larisa Maklakova air crash
2001 cpj 2-Jun-01 Vladimir Pivovarov air crash
2001 M 2-Jun-01 Yury Apollonov air crash
18-Jul-01 Dmitry Yermakov (g) accident, fall
11-Sep-01 Andrei Sheiko murder, stabbed
19-Sep-01 Eduard Markevich murder, shot
24-Oct-01 Alan Kalayev (m) accident, road
5-Nov-01 Elina Voronova murder, beaten
11-Nov-01 Yevgeny Smelyansky (m) missing
16-Nov-01 Oleg Vedenin murder, shot
21-Nov-01 Alexander Babaikin murder
8-Dec-01 Sergei Suponyev (m) accident
12-Dec-01 Boris Mityurev murder
18-Jan-02 Svetlana Makarenko murder, beaten
2002 27-Jan-02 Yury Baranyuk air crash
4-Mar-02 Konstantin Pogodin murder, stabbed
8-Mar-02 Natalya Skryl ** murder, beaten
31-Mar-02 Valery Batuyev murder, stabbed
1-Apr-02 Sergei Kalinovsky murder, beaten
4-Apr-02 Vitaly Sakhn-Valda murder, beaten
25-Apr-02 Leonid Shevchenko murder, beaten
28-Apr-02 Natalya Pivovarova air crash
28-Apr-02 Konstantin Stepanov air crash
28-Apr-02 Igor Gareyev air crash
29-Apr-02 Valery Ivanov murder, shot
20-May-02 Alexander Plotnikov murder, shot
2002 cpj 6-Jun-02 Pavel Morozov (m) murder, shot
2002 gdf 25-Jun-02 Oleg Sedinko murder, explosives
2002 M 10-Jul-02 Vyacheslav Savintsev accident
20-Jul-02 Firat Valeyev accident, road
20-Jul-02 Nikolai Razmolodin murder, shot
21-Jul-02 Maria Lisichkina (m) murder, beaten
27-Jul-02 Sergei Zhabin murder, beaten
18-Aug-02 Nikolai Vasiliev murder, beaten
25-Aug-02 Paavo Voutilainen murder, beaten
4-Sep-02 Leonid Kuznetsov not confirmed
20-Sep-02 Igor Salikov murder, shot
26-Sep-02 Roderick Scott combat
2-Oct-02 Yelena Popova (m) murder, beaten
19-Oct-02 Leonid Plotnikov murder, beaten
24-Oct-02 Maxim Mikhailov (m) terrorist act
26-Oct-02 Tamara Voinova (m) terrorist act
21-Nov-02 Sergei Dronin (m) accident, rail
21-Dec-02 Dmitry Shalayev murder, beaten
2003 7-Jan-03 Maria Andreyeva not confirmed
8-Jan-03 Vladimir Sukhomlin (m) murder, beaten
11-Jan-03 Yury Tishkov murder, stabbed
21-Feb-03 Sergei Verbitsky murder, stabbed
14-Apr-03 Alexander Vorobyov missing
18-Apr-03 Dmitry Shvets ** murder, shot
3-May-03 Galina Kovalskaya* air crash
2003 gdf 3-May-03 Julianna Nakhodkina* air crash
2003 cpj 3-May-03 Konstantin Kozar* air crash
2003 M 3-May-03 Ruslan Yamalov* air crash
9-May-03 Alexander Samultsev not confirmed
13-May-03 Julianna Bondareva (m) accident, road
13-May-03 Victor Bogma (m) accident, road
13-May-03 Yevgeny Golub (m) accident, road
3-Jul-03 Yury Shchekochikhin not confirmed
4-Jul-03 Ali Astamirov missing, kidnapped
18-Jul-03 Alikhan Guliyev murder, shot
7-Aug-03 Isa Abaev (g) missing
10-Aug-03 Martin Kraus (g) murder, shot
14-Aug-03 Galina Morozova accident, road
4-Oct-03 Natalya Astafyeva (m) accident, road
4-Oct-03 Sergei Isakov (m) accident, road
9-Oct-03 Alexei Sidorov ** murder, stabbed
24-Oct-03 Alexei Bakhtin murder
30-Oct-03 Valery Ovsyannikov* accident, road
30-Oct-03 Yury Bugrov murder, beaten
4-Dec-03 Marina Medvedeva (m) accident, road
15-Dec-03 Khanpash Terkibayev (m) accident, road
25-Dec-03 Pyotr Babenko murder, stabbed
2004 1-Feb-04 Yefim Sukhanov murder, stabbed
23-Mar-04 Farit Urazbayev not confirmed
2-May-04 Shangysh Mongush murder, stabbed
9-May-04 Adlan Khasanov terrorist act
9-Jun-04 Paul Klebnikov murder, shot
10-Jun-04 Alexander Kravchenko accident, road
2004 gdf 10-Jun-04 Yevgeny Makeyev accident, road
2004 cpj Jul-04 Maxim Maximov missing
2004 M 10-Jul-04 Zoya Ivanova murder, beaten
14-Jul-04 Yury Firsov air crash
17-Jul-04 Pail Peloyan murder, stabbed
3-Aug-04 Vladimir Naumov (m) murder, shot
24-Aug-04 Oleg Belozyorov terrorist act
24-Aug-04 Svetlana Shishkina (m) murder, beaten
18-Sep-04 Vladimir Pritchin murder, beaten
27-Sep-04 Jan Travinsky murder, shot
20-Oct-04 Alexander Klimenko accident, road
2005 9-Dec-04 Alexei Mikheyev* accident, road
5-Mar-05 Oksana Zelenko (m) accident, road
13-Mar-05 Andrei Karkin (m) accident
23-May-05 Pavel Makeyev accident, road?
16-Jul-05 Mavlon Radjabov (m) murder
28-Jul-05 Magomed Varisov murder, shot
2005 gdf 7-Aug-05 Sergei Gruzintsev (m) accident, road
2005 cpj 31-Aug-05 Alexander Pitersky murder, stabbed
3-Sep-05 Vladimir Pashutin not confirmed
2005 M 3-Sep-05 Nikolai Vinnikov (m) accident, road
13-Oct-05 Tamirlan Kazikhanov combat
3-Nov-05 Otto Lacis (m) accident, road
4-Nov-05 Kira Lezhneva murder, strangled
7-Nov-05 Yury Khaichin (m) accident, road
2006 8-Jan-06 Vagif Kochetkov murder, beaten
24-Feb-06 Natalya Neimysheva (m) accident, road
24-Feb-06 Gennady Yezhov (m) accident, road
24-Feb-06 Tatyana Ineshina (m) air crash
26-Feb-06 Ilya Zimin murder, beaten
10-Mar-06 Lyubov Gruzdeva (m) accident, road
29-Apr-06 Alexander Ivanov (m) accident, rail
30-Apr-06 Konstantin Laskin (m) not confirmed
1-May-06 Sergei Ageev (m) accident
2-May-06 Vladimir Kochetov (m) accident, road
4-May-06 Oksana Teslo (m) murder
10-May-06 Vyacheslav Zorya (m) accident
14-May-06 Oleg Barabyshkin (m) murder, shot
23-May-06 Vyacheslav Akatov murder, beaten
1-Jun-06 Pavel Kozlov (m) accident, road
25-Jun-06 Anton Kretenchuk murder, stabbed
27-Jun-06 Vladislav Borovitsky (m) accident, road
2006 gdf 21-Jul-06 Vlad Kidanov murder, beaten
2006 cpj 25-Jul-06 Yevgeny Gerasimenko murder, beaten
2006 M 31-Jul-06 Anatoly Kozulin (m) murder, stabbed
8-Aug-06 Alexander Petrov murder, shot
8-Aug-06 Igor Podshivalov (m) accident, road
17-Aug-06 Elina Ersenoyeva (m) missing, kidnapped
20-Aug-06 Maxim Rogalenkov (m) accident, road
9-Sep-06 Konstantin Aksyonov (m) murder, beaten
25-Sep-06 Vyacheslav Plotnikov not confirmed
7-Oct-06 Anna Politkovskaya murder, shot
16-Oct-06 Anatoly Voronin (m) murder, stabbed
7-Dec-06 Ilya Lukash (m) accident, road
28-Dec-06 Vadim Kuznetsov (m) murder, beaten
2007 20-Jan-07 Konstantin Borovko murder, beaten
1-Feb-07 Ivan Goryaev-Sandji accident, road
2007 M 2-Mar-07 Ivan Safronov not confirmed
15-Mar-07 Leonid Etkind murder, shot