Daily Archives: July 17, 2007

Another Original LR Translation: Essel on Estonia in Russian History

A Question of Trust

by David Essel

Being a historian is a delicate matter: we readers of history have to trust our historians to collect the information they present properly and fully, collate it, and then present fairly an overall picture for us. There can result interesting and differing presentations even among fair-minded and honest historians, just as two good, pleasant, and honest intellectuals can see things from different angles, argue about the matter in question, and come to eventual agreement or disagreement. Facts can’t really be an issue; philosophical viewpoint can. When decent people do this, the result is that still more truth is elucidated.

Basically, therefore, when reading history, one has to decide if one trusts one’s historian. Putin was recently present at the presentation of a new handbook for teachers called A Modern History of Russia, 1945-2006: A Teachers’ Manual. Obviously, if it comes with Prostitutin’s imprimatur, it must be good and it’s certainly official.

The question is therefore – does one trust the historian or historians who produced this? One of the authors is a certain Pavel Danilin. He apparently has a BA in history, works for the Effective Policy Foundation, a think tank with strong ties to the Kremlin, and also writes for journal called Русский Журнал.

It is my dubious pleasure to present an example of his writings from this journal. Should we trust a man who thinks and writes such things to contribute to a handbook for the formation of history teachers who will influence a generation of children? The question, alas – but not surprisingly – is purely rhetorical.

Small, Proud, Barbaric Estonia

Pavel Danilin

Russkii Zhurnal

27 April 2007

Do the Estonians have the right to demolish the memorial to the Soviet soldiers? Indubitably – yes. They have just as much right to do it as the Taliban had when then blew up the Buddha statues. Just as much right as the Vandals had when they razed ancient Rome. This is the righteousness of the proud little fascist and lout. A country where the rights of a considerable proportion of the population are infringed, where fascists are publicly rehabilitated, has taken yet another step towards its eventual refascistication.

Europe looks down kindly on Tallinn and assures us that we should not interfere in the internal affairs of a NATO member country. But why not, in fact?

We could, for example, start by initiating a speedy programme for the repatriation of our fellow-countrymen from Estonia. Next, we could carry out longer-term agitation of the local Russian-speaking population. Following that, break off diplomatic relations with Estonia. Declare an economic blockade. Would that be enough?

I believe that is not sufficient. The people of Estonia have shown by their passive approval of the actions of their fascist government that they do not have a right to statehood – a statehood that Russia gifted to them in the 20th century. The fascist régime must be annihilated and replaced by a truly democratic one, cleansed of all traces of apartheid.

Russia could provide financial support for a number of NGOs for the development of democratic institutions in Estonia. Moscow could become a centre for activists who have proved by their resistance against the police that they are against fascist youth and against the régime of apartheid and stand for a democratic Estonia which is friendly to Russia. Something of this sort should be supported by all means.

Finally, I see yet another possible line of development. Little Estonia is after all just a successor state to Adolf Schickelgruber’s, a stinking cesspool full of floating SS brown waste, with an economic potential so insignificant that its precious industries and agriculture could be bought up lock, stock and barrel – bought up and closed down, for example.

That would be a brave step to take. The fascist régime in Tallinn found the courage to demolish the memorial to our soldiers. Can we not find sufficient firmness of decision to put those Estonian rabid dogs in their place?

It’s been a long time (but never long enough) since I’ve read quite such a nasty piece of bilious tosh.

And this is one of the contributors to a Putin-approved text-book for teachers! What can one say? As always: poor Russia…

________

TN: PS Anyone would think I’m Estonian from the way the Estonian war memorial issue keeps cropping up in what I present in LR. It doesn’t matter but in fact I’m not, although it’s not a nationality i would be in aby way ashamed of having – on the contrary. It is just that this actually rather minor issue of the relocation of a Soviet memorial in some strange way brought about a clear manifestation of the Russophile mindset and perfectly exemplifies it.

A History Lesson: Gee, This Sounds Familiar . . .

An entry on Wikipedia:

Baron Pyotr Nikolayevich Wrangel (Пётр Николаевич Врангель) (German: Peter von Wrangel) (August 15, 1878, Zarasai, Lithuania (then Imperial Russia) — April 25, 1928, Brussels, Belgium)[pictured, left, circa 1920], was an officer in the Imperial Russian army and later commanding general of the pro-monarchist White Army in Southern Russia in the later stages of the Russian Civil War.

Wrangel was a Russian descendant of the Baltic German Wrangel family. After graduating from the Institute of Mining Engineering in 1901, Wrangel volunteered for the Cavalry and was commissioned an officer in 1902, taking part in the Russo-Japanese War of 1905. In 1906, he became a member of the punitive expedition forces under General A.N.Orlov in the Baltic region. Wrangel graduated from the General Staff Academy in 1910 and commanded a cavalry unit during the World War I.

After the October Revolution Wrangel went to the Crimea and in August of 1918 joined the White Volunteer Army. He first commanded a Cavalry division and after spring of 1919 the entire Caucasus Army. In the Summer of 1919 he led the White Army’s capture of Tsaritsyn (later Stalingrad, now Volgograd) and gained a reputation as a skilled and just administrator. In contrast to some other White Army generals, he did not tolerate lawlessness or looting by his troops. He became commanding general of the entire Volunteer Army in December 1919.

A political conflict with fellow White general Anton Denikin would soon force him to go abroad. However, he would return and on April 4, 1920 was elected Commander-in-Chief of the White forces in Crimea, which he then renamed the Russian Army. Together with a coalition government he instituted sweeping reforms (including land reforms), and as a result the Crimea became the most economically prosperous of all Russia regions.[citation needed] He also recognized and established relations with the new (and short lived) anti-Bolshevik independent republics of Ukraine and Georgia, among others.

After defeats in which he would lose half of his standing army, and facing defeat in Northern Tavria and the Crimea, Wrangel organized a mass evacuation on the shores of the Black Sea. Wrangel gave every officer, soldier, and civilian a free choice: evacuate and go with him into the unknown, or remain in Russia and face the wrath of the Red Army. The last military and civilians personnel left Russia with Wrangel on November 14, 1920.

Wrangel journeyed via Turkey and Tunisia to Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes as the head of all Russian refugees, and arguably became the most prominent of all exiled White emigres. In 1924, he established the Russian All-Military Union (Русский общевоинский союз), an organization established to fight for the preservation and unity of all White forces living abroad; he would later conduct anti-Soviet guerrilla warfare in the USSR. Wrangel’s memoirs Notes (Записки) were published in the magazine White Cause (Белое дело) and also in Berlin in 1928.

Some (including Wrangel’s family) believe that the general was poisoned by his butler’s brother, who lived in the Wrangel household in Brussels briefly and was allegedly a Soviet agent. Soon after the butler’s brother’s departure, Wrangel took ill and died. Wrangel’s funeral and burial took place in Serbia. He is buried in an Orthodox church in Belgrade.

The town of Sremski Karlovci, which served as his headquarters and was at the time of his death the location of the Holy Synod of the Russian Orthodox Church in Exile, had a monument erected in his honor by his fellow White Russians.

Mighty Great Britain Kicks a little Rooskii Ass

The Associated Press reports that Britain has taken a hard line on the Russia’s outrageous failure to support the administration of justice in the Litvinenko matter. Do you dare to imagine, dear reader, how crazed Russians would react if a British critic of Britain were murdered with radioactive poison on Russian soil, with the poison being spread all over creation and endangering thousands of Russians, and if the Kremlin then proclaimed it knew the killer and wanted him turned over and Britain refused to do so? Lugovi is now under house arrest inside Russia, unable to travel, and Russia is ever more the international pariah. As usual, it is Britain that assumes the leadership role in warning the world about the dangers of dictatorship in Europe. Jolly good show old boys!

Britain will expel four Russian diplomats over the Kremlin’s refusal to extradite the key suspect in the murder of a former KGB agent fatally poisoned in London, the foreign secretary said Monday. David Miliband told Parliament he had taken the steps because the Kremlin had failed to properly respond to the “horrifying and lingering” death of Alexander Litvinenko. It was the first time since 1996 that Britain had used the sanction, which Russia vowed “will not go unanswered.”

“The Russian government has failed to register either how seriously we treat this case or the seriousness of the issues involved, despite lobbying at the highest level and clear explanations of our need for a satisfactory response,” Miliband told lawmakers at the House of Commons. Moscow has refused to extradite Andrei Lugovoi, a Russian businessman and former KGB agent, to stand trial in London over the killing. Lugovoi has been named by British prosecutors as the chief suspect in the case. Russia’s formal rejection was received a week ago by Britain’s Crown Prosecution Service, which in turn spurned a Russian offer to try Lugovoi in Russia. “The heinous crime of murder does require justice,” Miliband said. “This response is proportional and it is clear at whom it is aimed.”

In Moscow, Mikhail Kamynin, a spokesman for Russia’s Foreign Ministry, said “the provocative actions conceived by the British authorities will not go unanswered and cannot fail to produce the most serious consequences for Russian-British relations as a whole.” Kamynin said the expulsions were “a well-staged action to politicize the Litvinenko case” and claimed the British government was trying to justify its own refusal to extradite two prominent Kremlin opponents with asylum in Britain: tycoon Boris Berezovsky and Chechen separatist figure Akhmed Zakayev. Britain’s Foreign Office declined to specify the rank or position of the four Russian diplomats to be expelled, who had yet to leave the country. “We have chosen to expel four particular diplomats in order to send a clear and proportionate signal about the seriousness of this case,” Miliband said.

Litvinenko died Nov. 23 in a London hospital after ingesting radioactive polonium-210. In a deathbed statement, he accused Russian President Vladmir Putin of being behind his killing. The ex-security agent said he first felt ill after meeting Lugovoi and business partner Dmitry Kovtun at London’s Millennium Hotel. A waiter who was working at the hotel said he believed a poison had been sprayed into a pot of green tea, according to a British newspaper report Sunday. Norberto Andrade told the Sunday Telegraph that when he later cleared the table, the tea looked more yellow than usual and became “thicker — it looked gooey.” Miliband said Lugovoi had offered the tea to Litvinenko and that he later “suffered a horrifying and lingering death in front of his family. His murder put hundreds of others, residents and visitors, at risk of radiation contamination.” Traces of polonium-210 were found at around a dozen other sites in London, including three hotels, a stadium, two planes and an office building. In Britain, 700 people were tested for polonium contamination and 670 were tested abroad — including Lugovoi. All were eventually released.

International agreements mean that Lugovoi could be extradited if he travels outside Russia, Miliband said. Miliband said London has suspended visa facilitation negotiations with Russia and is reviewing cooperation on a range of issues. Britain and Moscow had been working on a process to speed up the issuing of visas, but will halt cooperation, the Foreign Office said. Russian’s ambassador to London met with Sir Peter Ricketts, a senior aide to Miliband, shortly before lawmakers were told of the expulsions. In March 1996, Moscow ordered out nine British diplomats, alleging that they were part of a spy ring. Britain expelled four Russians in response

July 16, 2007 — Contents

MONDAY JULY 16 CONTENTS


(1) Another Original LR Translation: Golts on Corrupt Russian Media

(2) Editorial: Russia’s Public Enemy #1

(3) Russia Violates the CFE Treaty

(4) Caught in the Neo-Soviet Draft